How the chops work: A picture guide




This book contains 69 pictures and diagrams showing how all of the major embouchures make compression.

It shows how curl works, how and why compression fights the air so much easier than tension, what the chops should look like playing different trumpet embouchures in different registers.

Embouchures covered are:

  • Buzzing embouchure
  • Farkas
  • Lip Overlap
  • Maggio Pucker
  • Stevens Lip Curl
  • Super Chops
  • Tongue controlled embouchure (TCE)
  • Types of tongue arches

Lip Buzzing a Low C.

Lip Buzzing a high C









Besides the pictures there is also a description of what is going on. Plus a big section of general trumpet embouchure info that is NOT in any other book.

More info about the 3D concept of Trumpet Embouchure and the aperture tunnel (TM).

As usual, extremely well-thought-out, and in great detail… bravo for a job well done….You should have a DMA for all this work you’ve been doing!


This is the most amazing thing I have ever seen. Thanks for doing a project this big.


Thanks for your post on TPIN and the 3-D view of the chops. I was thinking of the aperture as just the outside red part rather than the full lips. I was using a lip curl on the top lip even in the staff and as I tried to compress the lips to play higher, the chops had a tendency to stop vibrating all together. I definitely had an “aha” moment and playing breakthrough over the weekend.
I’ve said it before and I’ll say it again, “You are a genius,” and a generous genius at that. I will keep you posted on the progress.


I just finished your “How the Chops Work” book and wanted to let you know how much it helped. Your description and pictures of the aperture tunnel caused a change in my way of thinking that instantly made things much easier. By concentrating on making a longer tunnel and backing off the pressure, the notes I had trouble with speak clearly, and it doesn’t take nearly the effort I’d been using.I have most of your other books, but I found this one to be the best of the bunch.Good job.